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区政府采购确定2017-2018年度会议定点服务商

2019-05-26 01:44 来源:秦皇岛

  区政府采购确定2017-2018年度会议定点服务商

  WajidKhan,areporterfromIndependentNewsPakistan,posesforaphotoinQingdaoforthe18thShanghaiCooperationSummit,June10,2018.[PhotobyGuoRong/]WajidKhan,areporterfromIndependentNewsPakistan,saidXisspeechwasvery"comprehensive,effectiveandsolution-oriented".TherearesomeforcesagainstglobalizationandXitalkedagainstunilateralismandtradeprotectionismintheinternationalsystemforourglobalvillage,eandstabilityoftheregion,headded.Studentsboarda"gaokaotrain"atDayangshutownshipinNorthChinasInnerMongoliaAutonomousRegion,June5,2017.[Photo/VCG],,thenationalcollegeentranceexamination,,,boardedthetrainonTuesdaywithherclassmates."Thetripmaybethelasttimewearealltogether,"saidLu,"gaokaotrain"departonitstwo-and-half-hourjourneymanytimesasgenerationsofherschoolmatesleftfortheexamination,sInnerMongoliaAutonom,studen,the"gaokaotrain"departsonJune5,($2).Beforethecharteredtrainservicebeganin2003,,"gaokaotrain"asshewasworriedthatthebumpyjourneywouldinevitablyaffectherperformance.","saidMeng,,thetrainhascarriedmorethan30,,,,includingstudentsandparents,hasdeclinedfrom1,300atitspeakto500thisyear,saidChenRuqing,,thericketyoldgreentrainhasbeenreplacedwithaneweronewithairconditioning,andphotographeronboardwillpreservethememoriesofwhatisaveryspecialdayinthelivesofthoseaboard."Althoughwelosemoneybyoperatingthetrain,wewillkeeprunningaslongasitisneeded,"Chensaid.

PeoplewavegoodbyeonTuesdaytostudentsonabuswhoareabouttotakenationalcollegeentranceexamsinLuan,/ChinaNewsService12gangssmashed,equipmentseizedbeforenationalcollegeentranceexamTheMinistryofPublicSecurityhascoordinatedlocalauthoritiesinacrackdownoncriminalgangsthatmanufacturedandsoldhigh-techdevicesforcheatingontheupcomingnationalcollegeentranceexamination,knownasthegaokao,,launchedinLiaoning,Shandong,Hubei,GuangdongandSichuanprovincesandtheInnerMongoliaautonomousregioninlateMay,resultedinthebustingof12criminalgangsandtheseizureofover100,000setsofwirelessdevicesforcheating,,saleanduseofwirelesscheatingequipmentseriouslyjeopardizesthesecurityoftheexamination,,localauthoritiesaroundthecountryarrestedmorethan50criminalsuspectsfrom12criminalgangs,destroyedsixequipmentproductionlinesandeightsalesdens,andseizedmorethan100,,,theministryhastakenactionagainstcybercrimeandcrackeddownontechnologicalcheatingaides,theille,aseniorresearcherattheNationalInstituteofEducationSciences,saidthewaysstudentscheatareconstantlychanging,andeffortstopreventcheatingshouldbeappreciated."Thisisnecessary,becauseforanexamthataffectsstudentsfuturedevelopment,fairnessshouldbeguaranteed,",high-techmeasuressuchasfacialrecognitionandfingerprintverificataw,whichcameintoeffectonNov1,eexam,,Minnesota,US,June12,2018,inthisimageobtainedfromsocialmedia.[Photo/Agencies]MINNEAPOLIS—Araccoonthatbec,Minneapolis,US,,accordingtoWildlifeManagementServices,"Itseatingnormally,"saidChristinaValdivia,thecompanysgeneralmanager,sadventurescausedastironsocialmediaasitscaledthetowerTuesday,withmanyTwitterusersvoicingconcernforitssafetyorjokingaboutthedramaasits,,afemale,wasreleasedlaterinthedayandscamperedin,whichbrokethestoryandcloselyfollowedtheraccoonsclimbfromitsheadquarterslessthanablockaway,brandedtheanimal#mprraccoon.

  Followingitssuccessfulhostingofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitovertheweekend,Qingdao,Shandongprovince,islookingformoretradeopportunitieswithSCOcountries,especiallybyleveragingits"inlandports".TheinlandportsareareasalongtheSilkRoadEconomicBeltthatwouldimproveefficiencyandhelpclientsreducecosts."Itslikemovingtheportrighttothedoorsofcompaniesininlandareasandhelpingthemfindthemostconvenientestuary,"saidJiaoGuangjun,,theporthasestablished10inlandportsinZhengzhou,Henanprovince;Xian,Shaanxiprovince;anbedirectlytra,theportofQingdaoisbetterconnectedwithCentralAsia:CargounloadedattheportcanbetransportedtotheChinarailwaycontainertransportcenterinnorthernQingdaowheredailycross-borderfreighttrainsheadtoCentralAsiaandtoseveralEuropeanandSoutheastAsiancountries."ThefreighttraincanreachanydestinationinthefivecountriesofCentralAsiawithin14days,"saidWeiXuelun,deputygeneralmanagerofthecenterinQingdao."Theentirerailwaylinestretches4,500kilometers,,",pital,,Uzbekistan,Russia,Germany,Spain,"WebelievetheSCOQingdaoSummitwillfurtherfacilitateeconomicandtradelinksbetweenChinaandtherelatedcountries,"saidYuChentao,deputydirectorofthebusinessandinformationdepartmentofQingdaoPortGroup."QingdaowillembracemoreopportunitiesintheBeltandRoadInitiative,"Yusaid."ThePortofQingdaoislikelytobecomeagateconnectingCentralAsiatotherestoftheworld."JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,

  CaiMeng/ForChinaDailyChinawillevaluatetheinfluenceoftherenewedthreatofrestrictionstheUnitedStateshasplacedonChineseinvestmentandexportsandwillreservetherighttotakecountermeasures,lesandspiritoftheWorldTradeOrganization,ievesthetwocountrie,theWhiteHousesaiditwouldplaceinvestmentrestrictionsandtougherexportcontrolsonChinesepeopleandentitiespurchasingindnfollowingtalksinWashingtonandthetwocountriesissuedajointstatementonMay20,theadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumpsaiditwouldannouncethelistofimportssubjecttotariffsandpronegotiatingteamswouldmeeteach,chairmanandchiefexecutiveofUSinvestmentbankMorganStanley,saiditisworthnotingthattheUS-ChinatradedisputesaretakingplacewithinabroaderglobalcontextoftheUShavingtradediscussionswiththeEuropeancountries,talkingaboutredefiningtheNorthAmericanFreeTradeAgreementandhavingwithdrawnfromtheTrans-PacificPartnershipagreement."sconstructivetothelargesteconomyintheworldtofindasolutiontotradedisputeswithoutthembecomingamajoreconomiccrisis,""AmericaFirst"agenda,Chinahasbeenpromotingglobalfreetradeandrampingupdomesticreforms,theAmericanChamberofCommerceinChinasatingrowth,thankstocontinuouseffortsbytheChinsexecutivemeetingonWednesday,ChinasdomesticconsumptionwillsurpassthatoftheUSthisyear,andvisionarycompanieswillnotwanttomisstheprospectoftheChinesemarket,Forstration,aresearcherattheCommerceMinistrysInternationalTradeandEconomicCooperationInstitute,said,"Chinacanacceptmeasuresthatcomplywithinternationalrules,butitwillnotacceptthosecomingfromanothercountrysdomesticlaw.""WemustprepareforallpossiblecontingenciestodealwiththeTrumpadministrationscapriciousacts,"Meisaid."ExternalinterferencebytheUScannotdeterChinaspaceoffurtheropeningandupgradingitseconomy,"saidChenWenling,cts,shesaid,butunderpinnedbyChinasfirmstancetofurtherenrichanddiversifythenationaleconomyviareformandopening-uppolicies.WajidKhan,areporterfromIndependentNewsPakistan,posesforaphotoinQingdaoforthe18thShanghaiCooperationSummit,June10,2018.[PhotobyGuoRong/]WajidKhan,areporterfromIndependentNewsPakistan,saidXisspeechwasvery"comprehensive,effectiveandsolution-oriented".TherearesomeforcesagainstglobalizationandXitalkedagainstunilateralismandtradeprotectionismintheinternationalsystemforourglobalvillage,eandstabilityoftheregion,headded.

ThesuiciderateacrosstheUnitedStateshasrisen30percentsince1999,andnearly45,000peopletooktheirlivesin2016,,withsignificantincreasesin44ofthe50states,saidthereportbytheUSCentersforDiseaseControlandPrevention(CDC).Earlierthisweek,AmericanhandbagdesignerKateSpade,55,tookherownlife,s,als,everyonecanplayar,andisrarelycausedbyasinglefactor,,whichspanned1999to2016,foundthatmorethanhalfofpeoplewhokilledthemselve,substancemisuse;physicalhealthproblems;andjob,money,legalorhousingstress,,,,Washington,,,,thetopUSpublichealthagency,saidindividualstatesneedtodomoretoboostsu:government,publichealth,healthcare,employers,education,mediaandcommunityorganizations,itadded,urgingthoseinterestedinlearningthewarningsignstovisit.

  LeadersofSCOmemberstatessigndocumentsonSunday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]Summitboostsglobalgrowth,unityamidrisingprotectionism,expertssayTheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,whichconcludedwith"themostfruitfuloutcomes"inthehistoryoftheorganization,willbea"newlandmark"intheorganization’sdevelopment,rationdocumentscoveringpolitics,security,economicsandculture,the"ShanghaiSpirit",whichtranscendsoutdatedconceptssuchastheclashofcivilizations,unityofasharedfutureformankind,whichhelpspromotethecommondevelopmentandprosperityoftheregionandtheworldaswell,onsultations,jointcontributionsandsharedbenefit,"fiveperspectives"—development,security,cooperation,civilizationandglobalgovernance—’sproposalsconformto"theneedsoftheSCOdevelopment,thecommoninterestsofcountriesthroughouttheworldaswellasthetrendoftimesintheworld’sdevelopmentandprogress",Wangsaid."Thesummitproducedasuccessindemonstratingtheunityamongmembercountriesaswellasleaders’willandcommitmentinmultilateralismandcooperation,"saidLuigiGambardella,presidentofChinaEU,,Xicalledforjointeffortstobuildanopenworldeconomyandreject"self-centered,shortsightedandclosed-doorpolicies".,,Texas,said,"WhileXiprojectedcalm,creativestatesmanshipatthesummitandwasabletoprojectawin-winconsensus,bycontrastTrumplookedlikeamanoutofhisleague."Trumpwas"stuckinthefailedeconomicpoliciesofthe1920s,andhappytorejecttheWest’slong-termtradeconsensus",Taylorsaid."Ilikedthathe(Xi)linkedChina’sConfucianheritagetothespiritofpromotinganewtypeofinternationalrelations,thecommongoodandharmony—aharmonyfoundinthe‘ShanghaiSpirit’thatfostersmutualrespect,all-aroundcooperationandcommondevelopment."MariaGuleva,adeputyprofessoroftheFacultyofOrientalStudiesatSaintPetersburgUniversity,saidthatthetheoriesXiproposedoninnovation,coordination,theenvironment,opennessandshareddevelopmentsho,aprofessorattheCentreforChineseandSouthEastAsianStudiesatJawaharlalNehruUniversityinNewDelhi,saidinstitution-buildingmakestheSCOoneofthemostsuccessfulmultilateralinstitutionsintheworld,anewmodelforregionaleconomicandsec,professorofinternationalbusinesslawattheUniversityofHullinEngland,saidthatX,WenZongduoinHongKongandCecilyLiuinLondoncontributedtothisstory.

  BRUSSELS-Asaresponsiblecountry,Chinahasalwayshonoreditswordsininternationalaffairsanditexpectsitspartnerstokeeptheirwordaswell,ointpressconferencewithEUforeignpolicychiefFedericaMogherini,followingtheirmeetingadtheUS,WangsaidthatChinasstanceisnotonlyforsafeguardingitsownlegitimateinterests,butalsoheUSonhowtoimplementtheconsensusreachedearlierbybothsides,onthebasisofmutualrespect,equalityandmutualbenefit,sultbasedoncooperation,headded.LiSenhasbeenworkingforfiveyearsattheMuralConservationandRestorationCenteroftheXianQujiangMuseumofFineArts.[PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily]TheprivateXianQujiangMuseumofFineArtsisapioneeringinstitutioninmanyways,,whenZhouTianyoutookthepositionasthedirectoroftheXianQujiangMuseumofFineArts,,whenitofficiallyopenedtothepubliconJuly31,2012,,thepermanentexhibitionsetina1,000-square-meterhall,features88panels(67ofthemoriginal)fromtheNeolithicperiodtotheQingDynasty(1644-1911).WithmuralsunearthedinShaanxiprovinceservingasthemainfoundation,theexhibitionisalsotheresultofpartnershipswithabout20nationalmuseumsandarchaeologicalinstitutesfrom13Chineseregionsandprovinces,includingthePalaceMuseuminBeijing,LiaoningProvincialMuseum,GansuP,visitorscanseemurals,suchasapiecetitledDancingMenfromtheNeolithicagefromtheGansuProvincialMuseum,agoldsuitofarmordatingbackabout2,700yearsanda1-meter-tallstoneBuddhahead.

  [Photo/VCG]TheWhiteHouseonTuesdayissuedastatementannouncingthatitwastakingsteps"toprotectdomestictechnologyandintellectualproperty"fromwhatitcalledChinas"discriminatoryandburdensometradepractices".Thestepsincludea25percenttariffon$50billionworthofChinesegoodscontaining"industrialsignificanttechnology"–withalisttobereleasedbyJune15–alongwiththeimplemenetaryStevenMnuchindeclaredtheloomingtradewarwithChinahadbeenputonhold,andaheadofthearrivalofUSCommesMinistryofCommercerespondedbysayingitwassurprisedbythemovewhichwascontrarytotheconsensusreachedinWashingtonearlierthismonth,butsaiditwaswithinChinascommonpgtonthatitwouldbeinboththeirintereststoavoidatradewar,,notablyastheWhiteHousestatementmakesclearaswellashavingabeeinitsbonnetaboutthetradedeficitwithChina,theTrumpadministrationnowhasanotheraboutChinasMadeinChina2025isablueprintformovingChinasindustryhigherupthevaluechain,andthishaspromptedtheTrumpadministrationtotryanddefendtheUShigh-techadvantagesbyaccusingChinaofforcedtechnologytransfersandintellectualpropertytheft,andusingthethreatofthetariffsandrestrictionstocoerceChinatoenhanceUScompaniesaccesstotheChinesemarketto"expandexports".ButasChineseAmbassadortotheWorldTradeOrganizationZhangXiangchensaidonMondayataWTOmeeting,theOfficeoftheUnitedStatesTradeRepresentativehasfailedtoproduce“asinglepieceofevidence”tosupportitsclaimsandthereisnothinginitsregul,onomics,China’spaymentoflicensingfeesandroyaltiesfortheuseofforeigntechnologiesreachedalmost$30billionin2017,icalleadership,achangeofperspectivewouldallowittoseethatcooperatinginhigh-techwouldmakethecakebiggerforboth.

  JapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe(left)attendsanewsconferencewithUSPresidentDonaldTrumponWednesdayinPalmBeach,Florida,US.[Photo/Agencies]AttheirmeetinginMar-a-Lago,Florida,onApril18,USPresidentDonaldTrumprebuffedJapanesePrimeMinisterShinzoAbe,TrumpannouncedthattheUSwonewtariffs,whichwillamounttoabout50billionyen($450million)ayearforJapandespiteAbeworkinghardtocultivateacloserelationshipwithTrump-ountermeasuresagainstUStariffs,sprotectionistpolicies,Japanhassignedorisnegotiatingmultilateraltradeagreements,which,itbelieves,,theJapaneseparliamentisworkingtowardratifyingtheComprehensiveandProgressiveAgreementforTrans-PacificPartnership,,JapanseestheTPP-11asacornerstoneonwhichitcn,too,inDecember,andthetwosidesaremaki,t,16countriesreachedaconsensustocompleteabasicframe,itwillproducethemostpopulous,diverseandenergeticfreetradeareaintheworld,,theleadersofChina,JapanandtheROKadvocatedeconomicglobalizationandfreetrade,andagr,,duringPremierLiKeqiangsvisittoJapan,BeijingandTokyoagreedtoestablishapublic-privatecounciltodiscussjoi,Japandoesnotwanttonegotiateatwo-waytrexploringcouldbackfireworldwide,sprotectionistpolicieswil,theUShasaskedJapan,aswellasitsotherallies,sdefensebudgethasalreadybeenrisingeveryyearundertheAbeadministrationendingadecadeofmilitarybudgetcuts,Thisvasegatheringdustinaloftturnedouttobeahugely-importantChinesevasewhichhassoldafteratenseauctionroombattle.[Photo/VCG]UnsuspectingownersbroughtthetreasureinashoeboxforvaluationAlong-forgottenandrareChineseim($19million)atSothebyhevase-decoratedwithdeerandcranes-at500,ssaidthevaseisofexceptionalrarityandtheonlyknownexampleofitskind,bearingamarkfromthereignoftheQianlongEmperor(1736-95).The18thcenturyporcelainvasewasfoundbychanceamongdozensofotherpiecesofChinoiseriesinanatticbyitsunsuspectingowners,,SothebysAsianartsexpert,openedtheboxtoexaminethevase,hewasimmediatelystruckbyitsquality."Thisisamajorworkofart,itisasifwehadjustdiscoveredaCaravaggio,"uncleandappearsa,"tookthetrain,thenthemetroandwalkedonfootthroughthedoorsofSothebysandintomyofficewiththevaseinashoeboxprotectedbynewspaper".Headded:"Whensheputtheboxonmydeskandweopeneditwewereallstunnedbythebeautyofthepiece."However,theexactprovenanceoftheitembefore1947cannotbetraced.

  Aviewof51TalksBeijingoffice.[]InFebruary,51TalkheldapressconferenceinBeijinganddecidedtousethe"51Talk"brandexclusivelytorepresentitsK-12onlineEnglisheducationofferings,,therevenueforthecompanysK-12businessaccountedforalmost80percentofthetotal,andtheCEOexpectedthefiguretoexceed85percentthisyear."FromanEnglishtrainingprovidertargetedatadultuserstoanonlineeducationalcompanythatfocusesmoreonK-12business,,",51TalkwasofficiallylistedontheNewYorkStockExchangeonJune10,ingpublic,Huangalsosaidhewasconfidentin51Talksfuturegrowth."ThegrossmarginofPhilippineteacherscanreach65percent,whilethefigureisbetween30and40percentforforeignteachersinNorthAmerica,"Huangsaid."Andthehighcostperformanceofthecoursesisappealingtomanyfamilies,especiallyforthosemiddle-incomegroupsatChinesesmallercities."

  ChineseemployeesposeatthestandofCainiaoNetwork,thelogisticsarmofChinesee-commercegiantAlibabaGroup,duringthe2018GlobalSmartLogisticsSummit(GSLS)inHangzhoucity,EastChinasZhejiangprovince,onMay31,2018.[Photo/IC]NimbleonlinetradingputssmallerbusinessesonfasttrackCross-bordere-commercehasaddedfreshmomentumtotradebetweenindividualsandsmallbusinessownersinChinaandothermemberstatesoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization,,morethan20millionconsumersinSCOcountriespurchasedgoodsfromChinaviaAliExpress,theinternationalbsgrossmerchandisevolumeskyrocketedby114percentyear-on-year,,makingitthetopSCOmembercountry,afterChina,,ajikistan(110percent),Uzbekistan(90percent)andKazakhstan(82percent),Alibabasaid,,mobilephones,consumerelectronicsandcosmeticswerethemostsought-afteritemsforcustomersfromtheSCOmembercountries,,pricedat$6,000,wasthesinglecostliestitemboughtbyIndianconsumersonAliExpresslastyear,sultingincomeboom,,,thecompany,,asportswearvendorfromPakistan,receiveda$4,000,Hussnainsannualincomefromthesitealonecouldreach$1million,,eyebrowpowderfromIndiaandhandmadedollsfromUzbekistan,accordingtoTmallGlobal,,Chinaslargestcourieraggregator,launcheditsfirstinternationalairfreightserviceinMay,linkingHangzhou,Zhejiangprovince,,Cainiaoisoncoursetohelpreducedeliverytimesworldwideto72hourswithinthenextfewyears,DaiShan,aseniorAlibabaexecutive,saidatacross-bordere-commercemeetinglastyear."Comparedwithtraditionaltradethatreliesheavilyonbulkymultinationalcorporations,cross-bordere-commerceiscreatingafasttrackforsmall,microandmedium-sizedenterprisesbytrimmingcostsandprovidingmorepersonalizedservices,"saidChuYin,aprofessorattheUniversityofInternationalRelationsinBeijing."SmallmerchantsfromSCOmemberstateswillbenefitfromthisdevelopmentbecauseitaddressesthecurrentimbalancesbetweensmallerandlargervendorsusingtechnology,"hesaid.

  ,IcanrememberthatanticipationonthecuspofamomentwhenaneconomyshistoricsummitbetweenUSPresidentDonaldTrumpandDPRKleaderKimJong-uninSingapore,,aspecialeconomicadvisertotheDPRKPremierPakBong-ju,hassaid:"TherehasbeenaverydistinctshiftwithinChairmanKim(Jong-un)hassurroundedhimselfw,"Morespecifically,Pyongyangislookingtothemodelsofopening-upandreformadoptedbyChina,RKJong-untoproceedindirecteconomicengagement,regardlessoftherollercoasterabout-facedecisionsorTwitterfeedsofTrump,heraldsaneraofcross-borderinvestmentsthatisreminiscentofthedayswhenHongKongledallglobalinvestmentsontheChin,thedynamicsoftheKoreanPen,theDPRKsGDPhassoared17percentdrivenbyaconstr,w,,thenumberofmobilephoneusersintheDPRKhasincreasedto3mil$,whichtheDPRK,whenwilltheUnitedStatesliftthesanctionsIntheend,justasimsforlayingdowna:whenUSsanctionsagainstanationarelifted,economiesopenup,reformoccursandpeople,,tradeceases,andinfor:opennessofcapital,tradeandfreeflowofideas,,economicsanctionsareonernationalfellowattheCenterforChinaandGlobalization.AnembroideredsilkdressisshowcasedattheParisChinaCulturalCenteronJune5,2018.[]ZhouWei,theevent’scuratorandassistanttothedirectoroftheChinaNationalSilkMuseum,saidtheexhibitioninfusednewdesignswithtraditionalcraftsman,thecenteralsoheldapubliclectureon"ReconstructionofChineseSilksDesignMaterials"onJune4,andanindustrialexchangemeetingthemed"Reconstruction:TechniquesandDesignofSilk"onJune5topromoteinternationalcooperationinsilkproducts.

  

  区政府采购确定2017-2018年度会议定点服务商

 
责编:
艺术期刊停刊终点还是起点 纸媒又该走向何方?
2019-05-26 09:24:17  来源: 光明日报
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  近日,艺术圈中两本专业杂志《芭莎艺术》和《新视线》相继在7月底停刊,而就在几个月前,《芭莎艺术》的官方微信还宣布,目标直指“中国第一美学网站”。理想和现实的差距如此之大,让不少圈内人士感叹:艺术纸媒的“冬天”就要来了。

  在纸媒被新媒体不断冲击的当下,艺术类刊物因其小众性和专业性,更呈现出艰难而复杂的生存状态,新世纪以来,一系列艺术杂志陆续停刊。艺术何为,纸媒又该走向何方?

  艺术期刊的“停刊之痛”

  回溯到20世纪80年代,国内的艺术刊物只有寥寥几家。以《美术思潮》《中国美术报》和《江苏画刊》为代表的“两刊一报”以及《美术》《画廊》等官办刊物“一统天下”。而到了世纪之交,这一格局开始发生变化,伴随着市场化潮流的逐渐深入,民办刊物大量涌现。

  “世纪之交,《现代艺术》和《新潮》这两本重要的艺术媒体创刊,只是没想到两者都非常短命。”中国艺术研究院副研究员祝帅介绍说,两本期刊在当时可算是行业标杆,却在2002年和2004年相继停刊。此后,停刊的还包括《视觉21》《艺术财经》,以及准艺术性质的《外滩画报》《瑞丽时尚先锋》等。

  祝帅认为,民营艺术期刊承担着信息传播者的职能,而这一职能今天已经被新媒体所取代。此外,内容上的高度同质化、接受者的锐减也是原因之一。

  “紧盯发行量是死路一条”

  在《音乐研究》副总编陈荃有看来,当代艺术期刊的生存困局,恐怕还要归咎于运营思路的踯躅不前。“从一开始靠发行盈利,到后来接广告,再到现在网络媒体铺天盖地,盈利的渠道越来越多样化,期刊的生存环境一直在变。如果还是老一套思路,自然难以为继。”

  “散”“弱”“小”——这是陈荃有对当前艺术期刊的形容。由于艺术期刊的主办方大多各自分散,互不隶属,难以形成独立的新媒体平台,因此不得不借助于“知网”“万方”等大型中间商进行传播。然而,太小的话语权让这些“内容提供者”实际成了供给链条上的“弱势群体”,利益分配的不平衡成为常态。

  “由于利润薄弱,一些杂志被迫形成了收费办刊等非正常惯例,勉力维持。国家社科基金也会资助一些期刊,但其中艺术门类的数量极少。”陈荃有认为,艺术期刊想要摆脱困境,一是要形成合力,建立一个更大的平台和市场;二是要转变办刊方式,增加培训、读者活动等多渠道的运营方式,而非自困在“纸媒时代”。“如果仍然只盯着发行量,那只能是死路一条。”

  中国传媒大学音乐与录音艺术学院院长赵志安也认为,传播介质的改变是时代发展的必然,无须恐慌,从业者应该努力去适应。就像实体唱片业尽管衰落,数字唱片业却开始勃兴。“技术变了,介质变了,但我们所喜爱的内容却是不变的。”

  冬天里也有新芽

  艺术期刊停刊之际,对艺术的质疑之声也不绝于耳,尤其对当代艺术的负面评论纷至沓来。但在赵志安眼中,这根本是两码事。“纸媒发行量的降低,不代表阅读量的减少。事实上,现在我们的很多文章被阅读的地方是在网上,读者对艺术的兴趣和需求一直很强烈。”

  陈荃有以《音乐研究》为例,论证了网络时代读者阵地的转换。“从曾经上万册的发行量,到如今两三千册,但影响力不降反升,这就是媒介转换的有力证据。纸媒现在更多是‘公共订货’,而‘个人订货’几乎全涌向了网络。”

  赵志安进一步分析,即便在艺术期刊内部,也并非铁板一块。艺术类刊物还分学术类、大众类等,而学术期刊往往有固定的读者群,专业的评委团,发行相当稳定。大众类的期刊即便停刊或减产,内容上却并未遭受革命性的打击,依然具有创造潜力。

  “接连关张的确有纸媒生存前景的问题,但我觉得这更像是个例,与相关媒体的自我经营和定位方针有关。”谈及艺术期刊,自媒体公号“潮人谈”的负责人唐若甫显得更为乐观,他指出,就在纸媒陷入困顿之际,上海恰恰诞生了一本依靠众筹出版的艺术季刊《橄榄古典音乐杂志》。“共性中也有个性,寒冬里也有新芽。”(记者 鲁博林)

  原标题:艺术期刊停刊,终点还是起点

 
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